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Better Bokeh

Bokeh is the beautiful effect our lens can have on our background, enhancing our pictures and making our images pop. It’s created with out of focus points of light in your scene. A lens with lower f-stops and longer focal lengths will render better bokeh because this creates a shallow depth of field. 

To start, set your camera to AV or Aperture Priority mode. This setting lets you choose the aperture and automatically sets the shutter speed for you. 
Set it to the smallest number your lens will allow.

Use your camera’s exposure compensation if it has that feature (usually marked with -/+ symbol on your camera), to tweak the exposure if you need 
to in order to illuminate your subject correctly.

Choose the right background. A plain background won’t make good bokeh because there's not enough going on visually. Look for background elements 
like lights, textures and patterns. Lights from buildings and street lights or light reflecting on water creates gorgeous bokeh effects.

Try using the foreground instead. Some photographers use lights in front of their subject to create foreground bokeh. Look for appealing lights and 

patterns to place in front of your subject. With lower f-stops (wide apertures), you get a shallow depth of field in both the background and foreground. 
Once you focus on your subject, everything in front and behind it will be blurry.

Lights reflecting on surfaces such as windows create good foreground bokeh. Experiment with different angles to avoid unwanted reflections.

Make sure there is sufficient distance between your subject and the foreground or background. The bokeh effect will be better the further the object you’re photographing is from the backdrop, so try to be a few metres away from the background at least to get the best effect.

Practise with different focal lengths, and different distances. Experiment with your f-stops to see how they affect the effect! 

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